Christine Hogan is the Deputy Minister of Environment and Climate Change Canada. Ms. Hogan previously served as Executive Director for Canada, Ireland and the Caribbean, at the World Bank Group, from 2016 to 2019, prior to which she was Deputy Minister of International Trade. Between 2010 and 2015, Ms. Hogan served in the Privy Council Office, first as Assistant Secretary to the Cabinet, then as Foreign and Defence Policy Advisor to the Prime Minister. Throughout her career of more than 30 years, Ms. Hogan has contributed to a diverse set of public-policy issues ranging from international relations and development to trade policy, science and technology, and environment and energy. Ms. Hogan has also been a visiting executive with Encana and an Advisor to the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme. She holds a Bachelor of Public Administration (Honours) from Carleton University and is a Yale University World Fellow.